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Biology Part 1
Course Length: 1 Semester
Has Textbook: Yes

Before beginning Biology Part 1, students will be required to have successfully completed all required middle school science and math courses.  Biology Part 1 will cover a wide range of concepts in the field of biology.  Students will first be introduced to the study of biology and its four unifying themes.  Students will review the scientific method and how it will be utilized in this course.  Students will also discover how various topics of chemistry are incorporated into the field of biology. Furthermore, students will be introduced to the concept of the cell, including cell structure and function, how cells receive their energy, and how cells grow and divide. Finally, the concept of the cell will be extended and students will explore the concept of genetics.  In this part of the course, students will discuss the process of meiosis, Mendelian genetics, and how humans inherit traits. The course will conclude with the structure and mechanisms of DNA, as well as the role of biotechnology in today's society.  This part of the course includes both online lessons, textbook readings, and the opportunity for hands-on learning through labs.

It is recommended that students successfully complete eighth grade science before enrolling in this course.

Course Objectives

Unit 1: Essential Content and Skills

  • Identify organizational levels of life.
  • Explore the basic strategy the biologist uses in classifying organisms.
  • Identify the characteristic that separates the three major domains.
  • Identify ten themes of biology.
  • Describe the nature of scientific discovery.
  • Identify how both genes and environment affect behavior.
  • Recognize the chemical nature of life.

Unit 2: Essential Content and Skills

  • Identify the structure of atoms, molecules, and chemical bonds.
  • Realize the importance of water in living organisms.
  • Examine the chemical nature of carbon and understand its importance in all organic molecules.
  • Explain the main ideas of the cell theory.
  • Distinguish between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, and compare and contrast animal and plant cells.

Unit 3: Essential Content and Skills

  • Relate diffusion and equilibrium, and describe how active transport occurs.
  • Identify the roles of the nucleus and other organelles in both animal and plant cells.
  • Label the structure of the cellular membrane and summarize the path of cellular products through membranes.
  • Compare and contrast how autotrophs and heterotrophs obtain food.
  • Summarize the process of aerobic cellular respiration and anaerobic fermentation.

Unit 4: Essential Content and Skills

  • Identify the overall reactants and products of photosynthesis and summarize the entire process.
  • Describe how photosynthesis helps harvest light energy and how light interacts with pigments.
  • Describe how cell reproduction contributes to repair and growth.
  • Contrast the two ways that organisms reproduce.
  • Name the stages of the cell cycle and explain what happens during each stage.
  • Compare benign and malignant tumors, and explain how cancer treatments work at the cellular level.
  • Summarize the process of meiosis, making sure to contrast haploid and diploid cells.

Course Materials

  • Prentice Hall Biology: Exploring Life (textbook)
  • Biology Kit
  • Biology CD

*Available as an iText course (includes textbook, Biology Kit, and CD)

**NCAA approved