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Biology Part 2
Course Length: 1 Semester
Has Textbook: Yes

Before beginning Biology Part 2, students will be required the completed Biology Part 1, with a passing grade. Biology Part 2 will cover a wide range of concepts in the field of biology.  Students will first explore the theory of evolution, including early ideas, how populations evolve, and the history of life on Earth.  Students will also discuss the concept of ecology, where they will learn about different principles of ecology, interactions that occur within ecosystems, the biosphere, and how humans have impacted ecosystems thus far.  Then, the concept of classification and diversity of organisms will be covered.  This concept will further discuss the Linnaean classification system, as well as more modern types of classification.  Furthermore, students will examine each domain and kingdom, and then they will analyze each of the six kingdoms in further detail. This part of the course includes both online lessons, textbook readings, and the opportunity for hands-on learning through labs.

It is recommended that students successfully complete Biology Part 1 or equivalent course work before enrolling in this course.

Course Objectives

Unit 1: Essential Content and Skills

  • Describe the methods Mendel used in his plant-breeding experiments.
  • Explain Mendel’s principle of segregation.
  • Describe how alleles interact in intermediate inheritance.
  • Identify the building blocks of DNA.
  • Describe the process of DNA replication.
  • Describe the process of DNA transcription.
  • Describe the types of mutations that can affect genes.

Unit 2: Essential Content and Skills

  • Explain what can cause a mutation and how inheriting certain mutations can increase a person’s risk for cancer.
  • Explain the significance of the Human Genome Project.
  • Summarize the information provided in a pedigree.
  • Explain how the use of bacteria has contributed to the development of DNA technology.
  • Summarize the controversy over genetically modified organisms.
  • Describe a technique used to compare DNA samples, as well as the techniques used to amplify DNA.
  • Explain how operons enable a prokaryote to respond to changes in its environment.

Unit 3: Essential Content and Skills

  • Identify two domains of prokaryotes, as well as describing three physical features that are used to classify prokaryotes.
  • Describe the four modes of nutrition used by prokaryotes and explain how prokaryotes reproduce.
  • Describe ways that prokaryotes and fungi are beneficial to humans.
  • Describe the life cycles of a retrovirus and a virus.
  • Describe the characteristics that all protists have in common and explain why certain unicellular protists can be considered complex. 
  • Describe the characteristics of eugleneoids, diatoms, and dinoflagellates.
  • Describe the basic structure of fungi.

Unit 4: Essential Content and Skills

  • Describe the hypothesis that proposes how plants evolved from algae.
  • Describe the three groups of bryophytes and the three groups of pteridophytes.
  • List the four main groups of gymnosperms.
  • Describe two unique features of angiosperms and relate the structures of a flower to their reproductive functions.
  • List the three sources of a plant’s mass.
  • Explain how water and minerals from the soil reach the xylem of a root.
  • Identify adaptations of some plants to a carnivorous, parasitic, or epiphytic lifestyle.

Course Materials

  • Prentice Hall Biology: Exploring Life (textbook)
  • Biology Kit

*Available as an iText course (includes textbook and Biology Kit)

**NCAA approved