Chemistry Part 2 will continue to explore many chemistry topics in depth. Students will begin by investigating subjects such as chemical reaction, stoichiometry, and the different states of matter. The learners will then explore the behavior of gases, aqueous systems, and solutions. Students will continue their study of chemistry by focusing on thermochemistry, reaction rates, and equilibrium. Finally, students will analyze acid and base theories, as well as oxidation-reduction reactions. This course includes a virtual chemistry lab CD.
It is recommended that students successfully complete Chemistry Part 1 or equivalent course work before enrolling in this course.
Unit 1: Essential Content and Skills
- Describe the five general types of reactions and predict the products of the five general types of reactions.
- Describe the information found in a net ionic equation.
- Interpret balanced chemical equations in terms of interacting moles, representative particles, and masses.
- Calculate stoichiometric quantities from balanced chemical equations using units of moles, mass, and representative particles.
- Identify and use the limiting reagent in a reaction to calculate the maximum amount of product(s) produced and the amount of excess reagent.
- Calculate theoretical yield, actual yield, or percent yield given appropriate information.
- Describe how equilibrium conditions are represented in a phase diagram.
Unit 2: Essential Content and Skills
- Describe the relationships among the temperature, pressure, and volume of a gas.
- Use the combined gas law and ideal gas law to solve problems.
- Relate the total pressure of a mixture of gases to the partial pressures of the component gases.
- Distinguish between a solvent and a solute, and describe what happens in the solution process.
- Distinguish between a suspension and a solution.
- Solve problems involving the molarity of a solution.
- Identify three colligative properties of solutions.
Unit 3: Essential Content and Skills
- Explain the relationship among energy, heat, and work.
- Distinguish between exothermic and endothermic processes.
- Construct equations that show the heat changes for chemical and physical processes.
- Describe how the amounts of reactants and products change in a chemical system at equilibrium.
- Identify three stresses that can change the equilibrium position of a chemical system.
- Explain what the value of Keq indicates about the position of equilibrium.
- Identify two characteristics of spontaneous reactions.
Unit 4: Essential Content and Skills
- Define the properties of acids and bases, and compare and contrast acids and bases as defined by the theories of Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry, and Lewis.
- Classify a solution as neutral, acidic, or basic given the hydrogen-ion or hydroxide-ion concentration.
- Calculate an acid dissociation constant from concentration and pH measurements.
- Explain the concept of equivalence in neutralization reactions.
- Define oxidation and reduction in terms of the loss or gain of oxygen and the loss or gain of electrons.
- State the characteristics of a redox reaction and identify the oxidizing agent and reducing agent.
- Explain how an unstable nucleus releases energy and describe the three main types of nuclear radiation.
- Prentice Hall Chemistry (textbook and Virtual ChemLab CD)
*Available as an iText course (includes CD)