Earth Science Part 1 covers many aspects of Earth science, including the nature of scientific investigation, Earth's matter and composition, Earth's chemistry, the history of the Earth, and the dynamics of Earth's changing surface. This course will introduce concepts such as Earth's revolution and rotation, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of various renewable and nonrenewable resources. Students will explore rocks and minerals, plate tectonics, volcanoes, earthquakes, weathering, and erosion. Students will also relate key concepts of Earth Science to everyday life.
Unit 1: Essential Content and Skills
- Define the field of Earth Science.
- Discuss the stages of scientific method.
- Explain the unique features of Earth and how energy is cycled through its spheres.
- Describe the ecosystems of Earth.
- Describe how points on Earth are located via latitude and longitude.
- Analyze how scientists map the Earth’s surface.
- Explain several different types of maps.
Unit 2: Essential Content and Skills
- Describe the properties of matter and discuss the relevance of the periodic table of elements.
- Explain how chemical formulas depict chemical reactions and the process of chemical bonding.
- Discuss the properties and identification of minerals.
- Explain the major features of the rock cycle.
- Compare and contrast the properties of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rock.
- Discuss the uses of mineral resources.
- Compare and contrast nonrenewable and renewable resources, and how these resources can be conserved.
Unit 3: Essential Content and Skills
- Discuss how scientists calculate relative and absolute ages of rock layers.
- Explain how the fossil record is interpreted to learn about Earth’s past.
- Discuss the main highlights of the Precambrian Time, Paleozoic Era, Mesozoic Era, and Cenozoic Era.
- Explain continental drift and plate tectonics theories.
- Discuss how the continents of Earth have changed position over time.
- Describe several ways in which rock deforms.
- Explain the process of mountain formation.
Unit 4: Essential Content and Skills
- Discuss how earthquakes form, how they are measured, and how they are recorded.
- Discuss the formation of volcanos and the different types of volcanic eruptions.
- Describe the processes of weathering and erosion, and how they alter the Earth’s surface.
- Analyze several variables that affect the rates of weathering.
- Discuss the properties of soil and the effects of soil erosion.
- Compare and contrast the mechanisms of wind and wave erosion, and their effects on land.
- Explain the effects of coastal erosion and deposition.
- Holt McDougal Earth Science (textbook)
*Available as an iText course