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Ancient History
Course Length: 1 Semester
Has Textbook: Yes
Ancient History will introduce students to and familiarize them with contributions in art, music, literature, religion, and philosophy from various civilizations. This course also addresses a variety of other accomplishments in ancient history including the institutions of government and education as well as important developments in science and technology. Cultures studied include the ancient civilizations of Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Americas.

Course Objectives

Unit 1: Essential Content and Skills

  • Describe the lives of prehistoric peoples. 
  • Examine the growth of the earliest civilizations.
  • Describe the life and culture of the ancient kingdoms of the Nile.
  • Examine Sumerian civilization.
  • Comprehend the impact of the Phoenicians and the Lydians to world development.
  • Explore the development and influence of Judaism.
  • Describe the effects of the Neolithic agricultural revolution.

Unit 2: Essential Content and Skills

  • Describe the development of Hinduism and Buddhism, and their effects on the culture of India.
  • Describe the role of geography in the development of ancient Chinese culture.
  • Identify the factors for the rise and fall of the Zhou, Qin, and Han dynasties. 
  • Describe the philosophies that developed in ancient China.
  • Identify the technological and scientific developments of ancient China.
  • Examine the relationship of geography to the development of the polis in early Greece.
  • Describe the types of government and societies that developed in early Greece.

Unit 3: Essential Content and Skills

  • Identify the similarities and differences between Spartan and Athenian cultures.
  • Describe daily life for people in ancient Athens.
  • Explain the importance of Greek art to civilization.
  • Examine the contributions of Greek philosophers and writers to the world.
  • Identify the significance of the accomplishments of Alexander the Great.
  • Explain how Hellenistic culture spread and its major developments.
  • Describe the establishment and political structure of the Roman Republic.

Unit 4: Essential Content and Skills

  • Identify the contributions of Rome to the world.
  • Explain the rise of Christianity from persecution to acceptance. 
  • Identify the causes of the fall of the Roman Empire. 
  • Identify the impact of geography on early African cultural development. 
  • Examine the significance of the Kush and Aksum kingdoms. 
  • Examine the differences in culture of North America and the impact of geography on these distinctive cultures. 
  • Examine the significant developments in law and religion during the rise and fall of the Byzantine Empire.

Course Materials

  • Holt World History: The Human Journey (textbook)

*Available as an iText course

**NCAA approved